What Are Sanctuary Cities?

In a speech detailing his immigration plan, Donald J. Trump said he would put a stop to so-called “sanctuary cities.” He said he would cut off their federal funds.

In using the term, Mr. Trump and proponents of tougher immigration policies are referring to places across the United States where local officials limit their cooperation with requests from federal authorities to hold immigrants in detention.

Four states have statewide laws that limit how much the local police can cooperate with such requests.

The maps shown here are based on data collected by the Immigrant Legal Resource Center, which has been researching which jurisdictions have policies that limit cooperation with the federal detention requests.

The center found 364 counties that have policies limiting cooperation …

… and 39 cities, including New York, Washington, Baltimore, Los Angeles and Chicago.

Mr. Trump and many Republicans say sanctuary cities allow criminals to go free, leading to crimes that could have been avoided if the immigrants had been deported.

Many local law enforcement officials favor the policies, saying they do not want the job of enforcing federal immigration laws. They say they rely on immigrants in their communities to come forward to report crimes.

None of the protective policies prevent the police from pursuing immigrants who commit crimes.

By JASMINE C. LEE, RUDY OMRI and JULIA PRESTON for The New York Times
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