Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and Ferries Service Between the United States and Mexico

Notification of Temporary Travel Restrictions Applicable to Land Ports of Entry and FerriesService Between the United States and MexicoAGENCY: Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Homeland Security; U.S. Customs and
Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
ACTION: Notification of temporary travel restrictions.
SUMMARY: This document announces the decision of the Secretary of Homeland Security to
temporarily limit the travel of individuals from Mexico into the United States at land ports of
entry along the United States-Mexico border to “essential travel” as further defined in this
document.
DATES: These restrictions go into effect at 11:59 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) on March
20, 2020 and will remain in effect until 11:59 p.m. EDT on April 20, 2020.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alyce Modesto, Office of Field Operations,
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at 202-344-3788.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
Background
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), a communicable disease caused by a new (novel)
coronavirus named SARS-CoV-2, is a respiratory disease that can cause fever, cough, and
difficulty breathing, with reported illnesses ranging from mildly symptomatic to severe illness
and death. Although the virus that causes COVID-19 was originally detected in China, it has

resulted in a pandemic with cases in 158 countries, including in the United States and Mexico.
On January 30, 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization declared the
outbreak a “public health emergency of international concern” under the International Health
Regulations (2005).1
On January 31, 2020, the Secretary of the Department of Health and
Human Services declared a nationwide “public health emergency” under section 319 of the
Public Health Service Act, 42 U.S.C. 274d, as a result of confirmed cases of COVID-19.2
On
March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization announced that the COVID–19 outbreak can be
characterized as a pandemic. On March 13, 2020, the President determined that the ongoing
COVID-19 pandemic is of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant an emergency
determination under section 501(b) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency
Assistance Act, 42 U.S.C. 5121-5207. In addition, on March 13, 2020, the President declared a
national emergency under sections 201 and 301 of the National Emergencies Act, 50 U.S.C.
1601 et seq.3
The Mexican Ministry of Education has closed all schools from March 20 until
April 20, and between March 23 and April 19, the Mexican government has implemented a
domestic social-distancing campaign to minimize the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19.

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